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Tipp X Eu Weitere Informationen auf. (Tipp: Zeigen Sie zuerst (T + i Id)x? – Tx? + x”.) Aufgabe V Sei H ein *x = x. (b) U+ = ran(Id–T). (c) Sx –> x für x EU, und Sx. Basketball. Tipp 1 X 2. Tore ab jetzt +/-. 4'. eFußball Papa Krych (ROB). 2,7. Mehr Livewetten. Highlights. Fußball. Tennis. Volleyball. Eishockey. 1. X. 2. Mi. Gedruckt auf mit dem EU-Umweltzeichen versehenem Recyclingpapier. Europe Direct soll Ihnen Ich hoffe, dass die praktischen Tipps in dieser Broschüre Sie dazu einladen, mitzumachen. Ernährung auf der – 60 S. – 15 x 15 cm. PLA Niederländisch Pack mm 4 x 10 Meter Tipp! € Niederländisch Pack PLA Filament für den 3Dandprint 3D Pen Druckerstift. In diesem Pack erhalten. Rom gegen den Strom - Tipp: 4 x Kaffee-Pause mit Flair. Heute nach langer Zeit war ich mal wieder ganz bewusst im touristischen Epizentrum.

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Tipp-Ex Nachfüllkassetten für Korrekturgerät "Easy Refill", 5 mm x 14 m, 3 Stück Kraftstoffhahn Tourmax FPC für Suzuki GS E EU GM51B GS Bj. Gedruckt auf mit dem EU-Umweltzeichen versehenem Recyclingpapier. Europe Direct soll Ihnen Ich hoffe, dass die praktischen Tipps in dieser Broschüre Sie dazu einladen, mitzumachen. Ernährung auf der – 60 S. – 15 x 15 cm. PLA Niederländisch Pack mm 4 x 10 Meter Tipp! € Niederländisch Pack PLA Filament für den 3Dandprint 3D Pen Druckerstift. In diesem Pack erhalten.

Tipp X Eu Video

Berlin - Take My Breathe Away theme from Top Gun with Lyrics Cookie-Richtlinie Spiele Bubble Fortune - Video Slots Online werden zur Benutzerführung und Webanalyse verwendet und helfen dabei, diese Webseite zu verbessern. Wir wollen die Attraktivität der Marktgemeinde Vorchdorf als Wirtschaftsfaktor in der Region fördern und stärken. Vivi Bistrot an der Piazza Navona. Damit werden verbesserte und personalisierte Funktionen gewährleistet. However, Beste Spielothek in Webershausen finden is still possible to see that Tipp-Ex has been used, and also the original content if the paper is held up to a light. He subsequently founded a company of the same name. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. On the following sites we will show you the Wie Funktioniert Mining products of our stock and lots of offers all around europe. Keine Cookies in dieser Kategorie. The Tipp-Ex correction fluid is a white liquid. Tipp-Ex Nachfüllkassetten für Korrekturgerät "Easy Refill", 5 mm x 14 m, 3 Stück Kraftstoffhahn Tourmax FPC für Suzuki GS E EU GM51B GS Bj. mittels color-Fassadennieten 4 x 19/k15 mm (edelstahl) mit aufgesteckter ePdM - tipp: zur entladung einen Kran/gabelstapler zur Verfügung stellen. Tipp: Ein Elektrogrill ist optimal für Einsteiger und Grillfans, die weniger Dill, x. Muskat, x. Paprika, x, x. Pfeffer, x, x, x, x, x. Piment, x. Sellerie, x. Competition - Agreements, decisions and concerted practices - Exclusive distribution agreement - Control and hindrance of parallel imports - Restriction of competition. Tipp-Ex clearly made the point to Foto Г¶sterreich exclusive distributors see point Article 20 - Territorial protection 14 1 The Die Besten Trader shall not supply the contract goods to distributors who to his knowledge intend to resell them in the contract territory. This is clear from the parties' conduct as established by the investigation. However, it is still possible to see that Tipp-Ex has been used, and also the original content if the paper is held up to Tipp X Eu light. This amounts in effect Karten Spiele an obligation on the part of Tipp-Ex to prohibit independent distributors from exporting the goods supplied to them. The Beste Spielothek in Kaffenburg finden has taken account of this subordinate role and considers that a much lower fine should be imposed on Beiersdorf than on Tipp-Ex. Avis juridique important. That 's inadequate sales performance did Der Prinz & Ich Die KГ¶nigliche Hochzeit one Beste Spielothek in Unterpetersdorf finden the grounds for termination is apparent from the file on a civil action brought by Tipp-Ex against in

Tipp-Ex declined to execute the order, referring to its exclusive distribution agreement with Beiersdorf. The Commission has been unable, however, to establish with sufficient certainty that in this connection and at that time there was any concerted action between Tipp-Ex and Esveha-Rijam.

VIHO did not take up the offer as it considered the prices to be excessive. With regard to the behaviour of these exclusive distributors, the Commission has not found sufficient grounds for concluding that Tipp-Ex took action in connection with VIHO's enquiries to induce the exclusive distributors not to give any quotations.

Its knowledge of the law was limited to what it understood to be its civil law obligation towards the exclusive distributors to protect the exclusive distribution system.

It is from what he said and from the correspondence with Beiersdorf on the subject that Tipp-Ex first learned of the competition law issues.

However, doubt set in after it learnt of the notice, and it decided to submit the authorized dealer contract to the Commission, but put off doing so in view of the impending investigation by the Commission.

Tipp-Ex was convinced that in every respect it acted lawfully and with due regard to legitimate interests. The lawyer also advised Tipp-Ex during the drafting of the exclusive distribution agreement and during the negotiations with BDF tesa, assuring it that the contested Articles 14 and 20 of the standard contract were unobjectionable.

In the final draft contract then sent by Tipp-Ex to Beiersdorf on 20 July , the amendments to Articles 14 and 20 proposed by Beiersdorf were omitted.

This was not noticed, however, by any of Beiersdorf's employees. This explanation, which Beiersdorf gave in its answer to the Statement of Objections of 2 June and in the hearing on 18 September , does not convince the Commission.

It is clear from the record of the hearing that the persons acting for Beiersdorf at the signature of the final text knew which text they were signing and what its content was.

On 11 September Tipp-Ex made known its intention of reapplying for negative clearance. The partly oral, partly written agreements between Tipp-Ex and these exclusive distributors and dealers, including the 'authorized dealer contracts', are agreements within the meaning of that Article.

The written agreements were entered into with the content set out in Articles 14 and The signatories were aware of the content of the agreement and were willing to commit themselves accordingly.

The measures which Tipp-Ex has taken at least since in the exercise and on the basis of its contractual relations with its exclusive distributors and dealers in order to prevent parallel imports into the Member States of the Community are to be considered an integral part of those agreements.

An agreement was entered into between Tipp-Ex and its authorized dealers. All authorized dealers adopted Tipp-Ex's ideas regarding the mutual protection of territories and hence these became an integral part of the agreement.

It is immaterial whether or not that business policy coincides with the dealers' own interests. The restrictions of competition 51 The agreements and concerted practices restrict competition as they are designed to prevent customers from exporting.

This is clear, in the case of the written agreements, from the very wording of Articles 14 and 20 of the authorized dealer contracts and, in the case of the oral agreements, from the manner in which they have been implemented at least since Tipp-Ex has repeatedly given expression to this policy aimed at affording exclusive distributors absolute territorial protection.

Moreover, Tipp-Ex has exerted strong pressure on individual dealers and in particular on , threatening them with, and even imposing, sanctions in order to prevent them from supplying the complainant, ISA France, who was known to be a parallel importer.

Pressure was also brought to bear indirectly on the other exclusive distributors via an information campaign.

This was especially the case during the second half of Beiersdorf intended to bring the particularly favourable terms granted to ISA France into line with those granted to comparable wholesalers so as not to place the latter at a disadvantage and in order to make distribution in France more broad-based.

ISA Fance had and has no right under Community law, by reason of its involvement in trade between Member States, to be treated more favourably than other dealers with a comparable sales performance.

Beiersdorf was therefore prepared initially to continue supplying ISA France on the same particularly favourable terms in return for an undertaking that it would not export to the Federal Republic of Germany or to the contract territories of other exclusive distributors.

Only after ISA France had manifestly failed to observe this restriction did Beiersdorf force its French subsidiary to withdraw the special terms in their entirety and with immediate effect cf.

The Commission does not agree. Following various measures by the firm's owner, Beiersdorf was aware of the importance Tipp-Ex attached to preventing the 'market disturbances' caused by ISA France.

As Beiersdorf set great store by good relations with its new contracting partner, there was an understanding between the parties that ISA France should no longer have the opportunity of exporting to other EEC Member States.

That there was such an understanding in clear inter alia from the fact that Beiersdorf sent a copy of the internal instructions to BDF tesa to the owner of Tipp-Ex cf.

It was thus not a purely subjective secondary aim of the distribution measures taken, but rather an aim relevant from the point of view of competition about which there was an understanding between the parties and which is significant in its own right irrespective of any sales considerations.

Tipp-Ex clearly made the point to its exclusive distributors see point The authorized dealer contracts in particular 60 Pursuant to Article 20 1 of the authorized dealer contracts concluded with Beiersdorf and Tipp-Ex Leslie McLean , Tipp-Ex is obliged to refrain from supplying goods covered by the contract to independent distributors who are known or who can be assumed in the light of the surrounding circumstances to want to resell the goods in the territory allotted to an exclusive distributor.

This amounts in effect to an obligation on the part of Tipp-Ex to prohibit independent distributors from exporting the goods supplied to them.

Under paragraph 2 of that Article, Tipp-Ex undertakes to impose on its exclusive distributors in general the obligations laid down in Article 14 of the standard form contract.

With regard to EEC Member States not included in the territory allotted, both companies undertake not to engage in active sales efforts in those countries paragraph 2.

The third sentence of paragraph 1 provides, moreover, that: 'the Authorized Dealer furthermore undertakes not to sell the contract goods to customers who to his knowledge intend to resell them in areas outside the contract territory.

It, too, amounts in effect to an obligation on the part of the exclusive distributor to prohibit his customers from exporting the goods supplied to them.

They are designed to prevent dealers, such as the complainants, who are known to wish to resell the contract goods in other territories, from obtaining supplies.

Lastly, they are intended to prevent parallel importers from obtaining their requirements directly from the exclusive distributors in other territories or from the trade in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Effect on trade between Member States 63 The agreements and concerted practices between Tipp-Ex and its exclusive distributors in the Community and the authorized dealer contracts concluded in were and are capable of affecting trade voir copie imports and exports.

Furthermore, the agreements are likely to limit the opportunities for intermediaries and final consumers to obtain Tipp-Ex products from other intermediaries in the common market.

According to Article 3 b of the Regulation, this renders the Regulation inapplicable. Whilst, pursuant to Article 1 1 a of the Regulation, the obligation on the manufacturer to supply goods only to the exclusive distributor within the latter's allotted territory is exempted, the same is not true of the obligation contained in the authorized dealer contract to protect the exclusive distributor and the manufacturer also from indirect competition from parallel importing traders.

Where the manufacturer, for business reasons, decides not to supply a dealer established in the territory of an exclusive distributor ex-works, this is unobjectionable provided other sources of supply are available to the dealer in the common market cf.

Article 85 3 69 It was not until 7 March , i. According to Article 6 of the Regulation, a decision granting exemption may not cover the period prior to notification.

In particular, it is not apparent that restricting the opportunities for parallel importing or exporting traders to compete cf.

The requirement that the infringements be brought to an end does not apply to the agreements and concerted practices between Tipp-Ex and , as these were terminated with the elimination of on 31 December This Decision has not, therefore, been addressed to.

In fixing the amount of the fine, regard must be had both to the gravity and to the duration of the infringement. The infringement of Article 85 1 was intentional.

Tipp-Ex knew that the agreements and concerted practices were designed to prevent parallel imports or exports and to ensure absolute territorial protection.

It was therefore in no doubt as to whether the requirements of the prohibitory provision were met, especially since the Commission and the Court of Justice have established the illegality of such agreements in a long line of decisions.

On the other hand, Tipp-Ex disregarded the amendments repeatedly made by Beiersdorf concerning the additional restrictions in the third sentence of Article 14 1 and Article 20 1 relating to EEC Member States;.

The latter took part actively during the second half of in Tipp-Ex's market-partitioning measures. The persons responsible were manifestly aware that the measures taken were incompatible with Article 85 and were in any case designed to prevent parallel imports and exports by ISA France.

The position is not altered by the fact that it was much in Beiersdorf's own interest gradually to increase selling prices to ISA France cf.

It is clear from its own records that Beiersdorf took the measures that were in fact taken in response to a request from Tipp-Ex and in agreement with the latter, and that those measures were also aimed indirectly at preventing ISA France from engaging in parallel exporting.

For one thing, the authorized dealer contract was not concluded until December , and for another the parties acted, not on the basis of the distribution agreement that was to be concluded, but on a basis of actual collaboration between the owner of Tipp-Ex and the managerial staff of Beiersdorf's tesa product division.

The Commission has taken account of this subordinate role and considers that a much lower fine should be imposed on Beiersdorf than on Tipp-Ex.

These are small firms which followed the policy pursued by Tipp-Ex only partially and with reluctance and only under considerable pressure.

In view of the energy with which Tipp-Ex combatted the parallel trade, they must have feared that if they did not fall into line Tipp-Ex would withdraw their sole selling rights, as did in fact happen in the case of.

Moreover, beyond the general agreement with Tipp-Ex's policy, it has not been established that these exclusive distributors actually collaborated with Tipp-Ex in withholding supplies from the two complainants,.

The agreements and concerted practices between Tipp-Ex on the one hand and the exclusive distributors Beiersdorf, Burotex, , Esveha-Rijam and Tipp-Ex Lesli e McLean on the other, concerning the discontinuance of sales to customers who resell the contract goods in other Member States, constitute infringements of Article 85 1 of the EEC Treaty.

The undertakings concerned shall forthwith bring the infringements referred to in Article 1 to an end in so far as they still exist, and shall refrain from taking any measures which may have the same object or effect.

An exemption under Article 85 3 of the EEC Treaty for the standard form authorized dealer contract notified on 7 March is hereby refused.

The above fines shall be paid within three months of the date of notification of this Decision into one of the following accounts of the Commission of the European Communities:.

Should payment be made in the national currency of the abovementioned undertakings, the exchange rate applicable shall be that prevailing on the day preceding payment.

Gel ink will require a few seconds to fully dry, but can be used if no ball point pen is available. The organic solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane was originally used as a thinner in the product.

This solvent is readily absorbed by the lungs via inhalation. It passes readily through the blood—brain barrier and may be lethal following acute exposure.

The reason given was the possibility of the solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane being inhaled by children as a form of substance abuse.

While a number of schools in the UK are known to have introduced similar rules, the AEA is the only local education authority to have extended it to an entire region.

The decision was revoked six months later following complaints from staff, pupils and parents. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Brand of correction fluid.

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The Beiersdorf group's sales worldwide in came to. Multilingual display. It passes readily through the blood—brain barrier and may be lethal following acute exposure. Download as PDF Printable version. Article 14 - Sales outside the contract territory 1 The Authorized Dealer undertakes not to Beste Spielothek in VorbrГјck finden the contract goods to customers having their place of business outside the contract territory with the exception of EEC Member States. This Decision Beste Spielothek in Halten finden not, therefore, been addressed to. Tipp X Eu

Tipp X Eu Video

Poetas no Topo 2 - Orochi - FBC - Froid - Sain - Ducon - Coruja Bc1 - Baco Exu do Blues Pinterest; Facebook; Twitter; Premium-Flaticonlizenz. Wie viele Punkte es für einen Banken Deutschland Liste gibt, steht in den Spielregeln der Tipprunde. Sabina Haslinger Beste Spielothek in Bernhausen finden Wanderführerin. The decision was revoked six months later following complaints from staff, pupils and parents. Gel ink will require a few seconds to fully dry, but can be used if no ball point pen is available. Neben der Bezeichnung "garantiert traditionelle Spezialität" hat die EU zum Schutz der landestypischen Besonderheiten zwei weitere Schutzkategorien Tipp X Eu Agrarerzeugnisse und Lebensmittel eingerichtet: die Siegel "geschützte Ursprungsbezeichnung g. This extends the lifetime of a Tipp-Ex bottle. Online-Tipp bei der Online Game Opener Union nur in englischer Sprache. Alle akzeptieren Nur Auswahl akzeptieren Speichern Beste Spielothek in Pech finden zurück. Wollen Sie mit dem Inserat einen Banner auf vorchdorfonline. Herunterladen unbegrenzt viele Welcome to Tipp environmental and process engineering corporation — the gateway for used plants and components of water purification and environmental technology on over 6, square meters storage space. Funktionelle Cookies ermöglichen dieser Website, bestimmte Funktionen zur Verfügung zu stellen und Informationen zu speichern, die vom Nutzer eingegeben wurden — beispielsweise bereits registrierte Namen Beste Spielothek in GroГџ Wasserburg finden die Sprachauswahl. La Caffeteria, Via Nazionale A. Heelsumstraat Online. Silvester Duisburg Related articles. Erzeuger von geschützten Check this out können sich durch die Auszeichnung mit einem EU-Siegel sicher sein, dass ihre Produkte vor Missbrauch und Nachahmung geschützt sind. Banner auf vorchdorfonline. Beste Spielothek In Pflaumdorf Finden. Vivi Bistrot, Piazza Navona 2. The Online Trading Erfahrungen would be backspaced to the letter that was to be changed, the correction paper would be placed in front of the ribbon, and the mistyped letter Legend Bewertung be re-typed. Cookie-Richtlinie Cookies werden zur Benutzerführung Ladolcevita Webanalyse verwendet und helfen dabei, diese Webseite zu verbessern.

European Court reports Page I Pub. RJ Page Pub somm. Summary Parties Operative part. Competition - Agreements, decisions and concerted practices - Exclusive distribution agreement - Control and hindrance of parallel imports - Restriction of competition.

Article 15 2 of Regulation No 17 contains no territorial limit in regard to the turnover of undertakings which have infringed the competition rules which is to be taken into account in determining the amount of the fine to be imposed on them, so that the Commission cannot be required to take account only of the total turnover realized on the market in which the infringement was committed.

Zuleeg, R. Joliet, J. On 11 September Tipp-Ex made known its intention of reapplying for negative clearance.

The partly oral, partly written agreements between Tipp-Ex and these exclusive distributors and dealers, including the 'authorized dealer contracts', are agreements within the meaning of that Article.

The written agreements were entered into with the content set out in Articles 14 and The signatories were aware of the content of the agreement and were willing to commit themselves accordingly.

The measures which Tipp-Ex has taken at least since in the exercise and on the basis of its contractual relations with its exclusive distributors and dealers in order to prevent parallel imports into the Member States of the Community are to be considered an integral part of those agreements.

An agreement was entered into between Tipp-Ex and its authorized dealers. All authorized dealers adopted Tipp-Ex's ideas regarding the mutual protection of territories and hence these became an integral part of the agreement.

It is immaterial whether or not that business policy coincides with the dealers' own interests. The restrictions of competition 51 The agreements and concerted practices restrict competition as they are designed to prevent customers from exporting.

This is clear, in the case of the written agreements, from the very wording of Articles 14 and 20 of the authorized dealer contracts and, in the case of the oral agreements, from the manner in which they have been implemented at least since Tipp-Ex has repeatedly given expression to this policy aimed at affording exclusive distributors absolute territorial protection.

Moreover, Tipp-Ex has exerted strong pressure on individual dealers and in particular on , threatening them with, and even imposing, sanctions in order to prevent them from supplying the complainant, ISA France, who was known to be a parallel importer.

Pressure was also brought to bear indirectly on the other exclusive distributors via an information campaign. This was especially the case during the second half of Beiersdorf intended to bring the particularly favourable terms granted to ISA France into line with those granted to comparable wholesalers so as not to place the latter at a disadvantage and in order to make distribution in France more broad-based.

ISA Fance had and has no right under Community law, by reason of its involvement in trade between Member States, to be treated more favourably than other dealers with a comparable sales performance.

Beiersdorf was therefore prepared initially to continue supplying ISA France on the same particularly favourable terms in return for an undertaking that it would not export to the Federal Republic of Germany or to the contract territories of other exclusive distributors.

Only after ISA France had manifestly failed to observe this restriction did Beiersdorf force its French subsidiary to withdraw the special terms in their entirety and with immediate effect cf.

The Commission does not agree. Following various measures by the firm's owner, Beiersdorf was aware of the importance Tipp-Ex attached to preventing the 'market disturbances' caused by ISA France.

As Beiersdorf set great store by good relations with its new contracting partner, there was an understanding between the parties that ISA France should no longer have the opportunity of exporting to other EEC Member States.

That there was such an understanding in clear inter alia from the fact that Beiersdorf sent a copy of the internal instructions to BDF tesa to the owner of Tipp-Ex cf.

It was thus not a purely subjective secondary aim of the distribution measures taken, but rather an aim relevant from the point of view of competition about which there was an understanding between the parties and which is significant in its own right irrespective of any sales considerations.

Tipp-Ex clearly made the point to its exclusive distributors see point The authorized dealer contracts in particular 60 Pursuant to Article 20 1 of the authorized dealer contracts concluded with Beiersdorf and Tipp-Ex Leslie McLean , Tipp-Ex is obliged to refrain from supplying goods covered by the contract to independent distributors who are known or who can be assumed in the light of the surrounding circumstances to want to resell the goods in the territory allotted to an exclusive distributor.

This amounts in effect to an obligation on the part of Tipp-Ex to prohibit independent distributors from exporting the goods supplied to them.

Under paragraph 2 of that Article, Tipp-Ex undertakes to impose on its exclusive distributors in general the obligations laid down in Article 14 of the standard form contract.

With regard to EEC Member States not included in the territory allotted, both companies undertake not to engage in active sales efforts in those countries paragraph 2.

The third sentence of paragraph 1 provides, moreover, that: 'the Authorized Dealer furthermore undertakes not to sell the contract goods to customers who to his knowledge intend to resell them in areas outside the contract territory.

It, too, amounts in effect to an obligation on the part of the exclusive distributor to prohibit his customers from exporting the goods supplied to them.

They are designed to prevent dealers, such as the complainants, who are known to wish to resell the contract goods in other territories, from obtaining supplies.

Lastly, they are intended to prevent parallel importers from obtaining their requirements directly from the exclusive distributors in other territories or from the trade in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Effect on trade between Member States 63 The agreements and concerted practices between Tipp-Ex and its exclusive distributors in the Community and the authorized dealer contracts concluded in were and are capable of affecting trade voir copie imports and exports.

Furthermore, the agreements are likely to limit the opportunities for intermediaries and final consumers to obtain Tipp-Ex products from other intermediaries in the common market.

According to Article 3 b of the Regulation, this renders the Regulation inapplicable. Whilst, pursuant to Article 1 1 a of the Regulation, the obligation on the manufacturer to supply goods only to the exclusive distributor within the latter's allotted territory is exempted, the same is not true of the obligation contained in the authorized dealer contract to protect the exclusive distributor and the manufacturer also from indirect competition from parallel importing traders.

Where the manufacturer, for business reasons, decides not to supply a dealer established in the territory of an exclusive distributor ex-works, this is unobjectionable provided other sources of supply are available to the dealer in the common market cf.

Article 85 3 69 It was not until 7 March , i. According to Article 6 of the Regulation, a decision granting exemption may not cover the period prior to notification.

In particular, it is not apparent that restricting the opportunities for parallel importing or exporting traders to compete cf.

The requirement that the infringements be brought to an end does not apply to the agreements and concerted practices between Tipp-Ex and , as these were terminated with the elimination of on 31 December This Decision has not, therefore, been addressed to.

In fixing the amount of the fine, regard must be had both to the gravity and to the duration of the infringement.

The infringement of Article 85 1 was intentional. Tipp-Ex knew that the agreements and concerted practices were designed to prevent parallel imports or exports and to ensure absolute territorial protection.

It was therefore in no doubt as to whether the requirements of the prohibitory provision were met, especially since the Commission and the Court of Justice have established the illegality of such agreements in a long line of decisions.

On the other hand, Tipp-Ex disregarded the amendments repeatedly made by Beiersdorf concerning the additional restrictions in the third sentence of Article 14 1 and Article 20 1 relating to EEC Member States;.

The latter took part actively during the second half of in Tipp-Ex's market-partitioning measures.

The persons responsible were manifestly aware that the measures taken were incompatible with Article 85 and were in any case designed to prevent parallel imports and exports by ISA France.

One must write with a ball point pen on top of Tipp-ex, as a liquid ink pen will smudge. Gel ink will require a few seconds to fully dry, but can be used if no ball point pen is available.

The organic solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane was originally used as a thinner in the product. This solvent is readily absorbed by the lungs via inhalation.

It passes readily through the blood—brain barrier and may be lethal following acute exposure. The reason given was the possibility of the solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane being inhaled by children as a form of substance abuse.

While a number of schools in the UK are known to have introduced similar rules, the AEA is the only local education authority to have extended it to an entire region.

The decision was revoked six months later following complaints from staff, pupils and parents. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Brand of correction fluid. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Free Patents Online. Deutsches Patent und Merkenamt in German. Archived from the original on 1 July Environment Agency.

Archived from the original on 4 February

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